Ms. Gokturk



Vocabulary from the Underworld



at·ro·phy (from Atropos, the Fate who cut man’s thread of life)

a wasting away of the body or of an organ or part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage. 2. degeneration, decline, or decrease, as from disuse: He argued that there was a progressive atrophy of freedom and independence of thought.


cer·ber·us or cerberean (from Cerberus, the three headed dog that guards Hades)

a formidable and often surly keeper or guard.


char·on (the ferryman who ferries the dead to Hades; asked a fee)

(usually used ironically) any ferryman.


cloth (from Clotho, the Fate who made man’s thread)

a pliable material made by weaving. felting, or knitting fibers


coch·le·a (from Cocytus, River of Lamentations)

a spiral-shaped cavity forming a division of the internal ear in humans and in most other mammals.


ely·sian (Elysian Fields, paradise)

blissful; delightful.


fu·ry (Furies, the punishers of sinners)

unrestrained or violent anger, rage, passion, or the like: The gods unleashed their fury on the offending mortal. 2. violence; vehemence; fierceness: the fury of a hurricane; a fury of creative energy. a fierce and violent person, especially a woman: She became a fury when she felt she was unjustly accused.


hade (Hades)

–noun 1. Geology . the angle between a fault plane and the vertical, measured perpendicular to the strike of the fault; complement of the dip. 2. Mining . the inclination of a vein or seam from the vertical


hyp·no·tize (Hypnos)

1. to put in the hypnotic state. 2. to influence, control, or direct completely, as by personal charm, words, or domination: The speaker hypnotized the audience with his powerful personality.

3. to frighten or startle so that movement is impossible: The headlights hypnotized the deer and it just stood staring at the oncoming car.


in·som·ni·a (Sonmnus)

noun inability to obtain sufficient sleep, especially when chronic; difficulty in falling or staying asleep; sleeplessness.


leth·ar·gy (Lethe, River of Forgetfulness)

1. the quality or state of being drowsy and dull, listless and unenergetic, or indifferent and lazy; apathetic or sluggish inactivity. 2. Pathology . an abnormal state or disorder characterized by overpowering drowsiness or sleep.


morgue (Mors)

a place in which bodies are kept, especially the bodies of victims of violence or accidents, pending identification or burial.

mor·phine (Morpheus)

a white, bitter, crystalline alkaloid, C 1 7 H 1 9 NO 3 H 2 O, the most important narcotic and addictive principle of opium, obtained by extraction and crystallization and used chiefly in medicine as a pain reliever and sedative.


nem·e·sis (Nemesis)

1. something that a person cannot conquer, achieve, etc.: The performance test proved to be my nemesis. 2. an opponent or rival whom a person cannot best or overcome. 4. an agent or act of retribution or punishment.


phleg·mat·ic (Plegethon, River of Fire)

not easily excited to action or display of emotion; apathetic; sluggish.


plu·ton (Pluto)

Geology . any body of igneous rock that solidified far below the earth's surface.



a transuranic element with a fissile isotope of mass number 239 (plutonium 239) that can be produced from non-fissile uranium 238, as in a breeder reactor. Symbol: Pu; atomic number:  94.


sis·y·phe·an (Sisyphus-- pushing rock up hill daily)

1. of or pertaining to Sisyphus. 2. endless and unavailing, as labor or a task.



1. sleepy; drowsy. 2. tending to cause sleep.

Use sisyphean in a Sentence

See images of sisyphean


tan·ta·lize (King Tantalus, punished by never eating or drinking)

to torment with, or as if with, the sight of something desired but out of reach; tease by arousing expectations that are repeatedly disappointed.