Ms. Gokturk

Trends in Literature

The Time Machine Vocabulary

Definitions are from the Merriam Webster Dictionary

Chapter I:

Expound: to explain by setting forth in careful and often elaborate detail

Recondite: hidden from sight : CONCEALED

Incandescent: strikingly bright, radiant, or clear or marked by brilliance especially of expression

Paradox: a statement that is seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true

Fecundity: fruitful in offspring or vegetation : PROLIFIC

Pensive: musingly or dreamily thoughtful

Provincial: a person of local or restricted interests or outlook b : a person lacking urban polish or refinement; unsophisticated

Controvert: to engage in controversy

Infirmity: the condition of being feeble : FRAILTY

Intermittently: coming and going at intervals : not continuous

Accession: increase by something added

Threshold: gate

Anachronism: something out of place in time such as a calculator during cave men times

Spasmodic: acting or proceeding fitfully : INTERMITTENT


Chapter II:

Ingenuity: skill or cleverness in devising or combining : INVENTIVENESS

Mutton: the flesh of a mature sheep used for food

Cadger: beg, sponge

Nebuchadnezzar: Chaldean king of Babylon (605-562); captured and destroyed Jerusalem and carried Jews in exile to Babylon; restored Babylon and other cities

Caricature: exaggeration by means of often ludicrous distortion of parts or characteristics

Verbatim: in the exact words : word for word

Anecdote: a usually short narrative of an interesting, amusing, or biographical incident

Lucid: having full use of one's faculties : SANE

Skepticism: an attitude of doubt or a disposition to incredulity either in general or toward a particular object

Deportment: the manner in which one conducts oneself : BEHAVIOR

Plausible: appearing worthy of belief

Speculate: to meditate on or ponder a subject

Jocular: characterized by jesting : PLAYFUL

Articulation: the act of giving utterance or expression

Exclamation: a sharp or sudden utterance


Chapter III:

Switchback: zigzag road

Solstice: either of two times in the year when the sun is furthest from earth

Imminent: ready to take place

Rudimentary: basic, elementary

Elusive: slippery, difficult to catch

Scaffold: a supporting framework

Palpitation: to beat rapidly and strongly : THROB

Luminous: emitting or reflecting usually steady, suffused, or glowing light

Fluctuate: to shift back and forth uncertainly

Poignant: deeply affecting : TOUCHING

Exhilarate: to make cheerful

Rudimentary: of a primitive kind

Attenuate: to lessen the amount, force, magnitude, or value of : WEAKEN


Chapter IV:

Futurity: time to come : FUTURE

Exquisite: marked by flawless craftsmanship or by beautiful, ingenious, delicate, or elaborate execution

Singularly: being out of the ordinary : UNUSUAL

Vivid: producing a strong or clear impression on the senses

Melodious: having a pleasing sweet or agreeable succession or arrangement of sounds

Sphinx: a winged female monster in Greek mythology having a woman's head and a lion's body and noted for killing anyone unable to answer its riddle b : an enigmatic or mysterious person <she is a sphinx whose features hold a blank fascination>

Verdigris: green and blue color formed by copper deposits on metal surfaces

Temerity: overconfidence, foolhardiness

Parapet: a low wall or railing to protect the edge of a platform, roof, bridge

Fragile: delicate and breakable

Posterity: future generations, offspring

Dilapidated: decaying, shabby

Gesticulate: motion or signs when speaking especially

Edifice: BUILDING; especially : a large or massive structure

Portal: DOOR, ENTRANCE; especially : a grand or imposing one

Variegate: to diversify in external appearance especially with different colors



Chapter V:

Sloth: slow moving animal which levies in trees in S. America

Repugnance: extreme dislike, revulsion

Occidental: of European ancestry

Subterranean: underground

Indolent: lazy

Ramifications: consequences

Aristocracy: people at the highest land riches social level

Gibbous: marked by convexity or swelling

Complacency: self-satisfaction accompanied by unawareness of actual dangers or deficiencies

Leprous: infected with leprosy b : of, relating to, or resembling leprosy or a leper

Stanch: to stop or check in its cou

Dread: to fear greatly

Folly: lack of good sense or normal prudence and foresight

Mockery: insulting or contemptuous action or speech : DERISION

Intervention: to occur, fall, or come between points of time or events

Inarticulate: uttered or formed without the definite articulations of intelligible speech

Monomania: mental illness especially when limited in expression to one idea or area of thought 2 : excessive concentration on a single object or idea

Degeneration: extreme decline


Chapter VI:

Manifest: easily understood or recognized by the mind : OBVIOUS

Pallid: deficient in color : WAN

Perplexity: the state of being perplexed : BEWILDERMENT

Lemur: any of various arboreal chiefly nocturnal mammals that were formerly widespread but are now largely confined to Madagascar, are related to the monkeys but are usually regarded as constituting a distinct superfamily (Lemuroidea), and usually have a muzzle like a fox, large eyes, very soft woolly fur, and a long furry tail

Clamber: to climb awkwardly (as by scrambling)

Vermin: small common pests that are difficult to control

Nemesis: formidable opponent

Aperture: an opening or open space : HOLE

Impenetrable: incapable of being penetrated or pierced b : inaccessible to knowledge, reason, or sympathy : IMPERVIOUS

Abysmal: having immense or fathomless extension downward, backward, or inward

Incontinent: lacking self-restraint (2) : not being under control b : unable to retain a bodily discharge (as urine) voluntarily

Grotesque: a style of decorative art characterized by fanciful or fantastic human and animal forms often interwoven with foliage or similar figures that may distort the natural into absurdity, ugliness, or caricature


Chapter VII:

Anguish: extreme pain, distress, or anxiety

Impede: to interfere with or slow the progress of

Malign: evil in nature, influence, or effect

Loathe: to dislike greatly and often with disgust or intolerance : DETEST

Incomprehensible: impossible to comprehend : UNINTELLIGIBLE

Wane: to decrease in size, extent, or degree : DWINDLE

Villainy: the quality or state of being villainous (evil, depraved, or vile character) : DEPRAVITY

Sufferance: patient endurance : LONG-SUFFERING 2 : PAIN, MISERY

Commend: to mention with approbation : PRAISE

Pinnacle: the highest point of development or achievement : ACME

Imperceptible: unable to be detected or seen


Chapter VIII:

Gaunt: very think, hollow cheeked

Hypothesis: theory

Recede: move back

Mace: heavy spiked club used in Middle Ages to break through armor

Corrode: to weaken or destroy gradually : UNDERMMINE

Estuary: a water passage where the tide meets a river current;

Miscellaneous: having various traits

Oblique: not straightforward : INDIRECT; also : OBSCURE b : DEVIOUS, UNDERHANDED

Preoccupation: extreme or excessive concern with something

Transversely: acting, lying, or being across : set crosswise

Deliquesce: to dissolve or melt away to dissolve

Vestige: a trace, mark, or visible sign left by something (as an ancient city or a condition or practice) vanished or lost


Chapter IX:

Impending: to hover threateningly : MENACE

Insidious: awaiting a chance to entrap : TREACHEROUS

Camphor: a tough gummy volatile aromatic crystalline compound C10H16O obtained especially from the wood and bark of the camphor tree and used as a liniment and mild topical analgesic in medicine, as a plasticizer, and as an insect repellent;

Calamity: catastrophe, disaster

Atrocious: extremely wicked, brutal, or cruel : BARBARIC 2 : APPALLING, HORRIFYING

Foliage: cluster of leaves and plants in nature

Exultation: rejoicing

Fermentation: a chemical change with effervescence

Decadence: a period of decline

Adjacent: not distant : NEARBY. having a common endpoint or border


Slumberous: heavy with sleep : SLEEPY

Succulent: full of juice : JUICY b : moist and tasty


Chapter X:

Cupola: a rounded vault resting on a usually circular base and forming a roof or a ceiling b : a small structure built on top of a roof

Steadfast: firmly fixed in place : IMMOVABLE

Versatility: changing or fluctuating readily : VARIABLE

Disjointed: to disturb the orderly structure or arrangement of 2 : to take apart at the joints

Stave: to drive or thrust away

Tranquil: free from agitation of mind or spirit, calm

Meek: deficient in spirit and courage : SUBMISSIVE

Inclination: a tendency to a particular aspect, state, character, or action

Contrive: plan, devise

Abominable: quite disagreeable or unpleasant


Chapter XI:

Indefinite: not precise : VAGUE

Prodigious: exciting amazement or wonder or  extraordinary in bulk, quantity, or degree : ENORMOUS

Extinction: the process of eliminating or reducing a conditioned response by not reinforcing it

Lichen: any of several skin diseases characterized by a papular eruption 2 : any of numerous complex thallophytic plants made up of an alga and a fungus growing in symbiotic association on a solid surface (as a rock)

Perpetual: continuing forever

Incrustation: a crust or hard coating b : a growth or accumulation (as of habits, opinions, or customs) resembling a crust

Lurid: wan and ghastly pale in appearance

Apparition: an unusual or unexpected sight : PHENOMENON b : a ghostly figure

Undulate: to rise and fall in volume, pitch, or cadence


Chapter XII:

Succession: the act or process of following in order : SEQUENCE

Speculate: to meditate on or ponder a subject

Translucent: permitting the passage of light

Gaudy: ostentatiously or tastelessly ornamented 2 : marked by dazzling brilliance, showiness, or extravagance

Substantial: consisting of or relating to substance b : not imaginary or illusory : REAL, TRUE

Reminiscence: recall to mind of a long-forgotten experience or fact

Meddle: to interest oneself in what is not one's concern : interfere without right or propriety