Trends in Literature
Outside Reading Portfolio
Pierre Boulle’s Planet of the Apes, HG Wells’ War of the Worlds, George Orwell’s 1984, Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, or Octavia Butler’s The Parable of the Sower)
Your Task: Working in groups, discuss and analyze your outside reading selection, using your responses to the Outside Reading Discussion Preparation Assignment. Create a portfolio of work that illustrates close reading and analysis. Use your novel to search for appropriate text based evidence where needed. You will have three class periods to work together, but you should assign each other tasks to complete for homework.[*]
Assessment: You will receive both an individual grade (both for process and final product) and a group grade (both for process and final product).
Please hand in the portfolio in the order listed above. Proofread!
Propaganda: “The spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, a cause, or a person; ideas, facts, or allegations spread deliberately to further one's cause or to damage an opposing cause; also : a public action having such an effect”
People often think of propaganda as something negative, as in a con or a lie. But propaganda really doesn't have anything to do with negative or positive. It's a technique. The word propaganda refers to any technique that attempts to influence the opinions, emotions, attitudes or behavior of a group in order to benefit the sponsor. The purpose of propaganda is to persuade (in order to benefit the sponsor).
1. Bad Names: Method by which we are tempted to judge without looking at the real facts. Ex., guilty, fungus, liberal, infected, diseased, wishy-washy, radical, terrorist, tree-hugger, bum.
2. Glad Names: Keeping the reader’s attention from real facts by using pleasant word. Ex., truth, freedom, sexy, beautiful, lovely.
3. Transfer: The writer tells us or reminds us of something which we admire and about something which he wants us to like. Ex., A politician may point out that he teaches Sunday school. Since most people have good feelings for churches, the politician hopes the good feeling will transfer to him.
4. Testimonial: A well-known person is saying that he likes something or a product or a person. This is also called a celebrity endorsement.
5. Plain Folks: Politicians use this approach a great deal to win our confidence by appearing to be just common ordinary people, “just plain folks.”
6. Stacking the Cards: Do not tell the full truth; omit important facts. A writer is directing the reader’s attention to one detail.
7. Bandwagon: Everyone is doing it, why aren’t you? It’s time to join the crowd. Ex., Don’t be different. Don’t be a loser.
8. Special Offer: discount, sales, coupons, etc. are offered to draw customers.
9. Eye Appeal: Items look good using special photographic techniques that make something or a person look better than reality.
10. Happy Family Appeal: This tries to show that by using this product, you keep your family happy and healthy.
11. Snob Appeal: This technique appeals to those who are wealthy or want others to think that they are wealthy, and superior to everyone else.
12. Youth Appeal: This technique wants others to believe that if they use this product, they are youthful.
13. Sex Appeal: This technique tries to make you believe that if you use this product, or way of thinking, you are sexy and more sensual.
14. Something New: This device tries to win your thinking that the product or person has something new to offer.
15. Humble Approach: A device use to win you over on the belief that the product is not number one, but they are trying their best.
16. Statistics: Any use of numbers/ percentages, which is used to sway the audience to believe they are correct or better than another.
17. Humor: This method is used to manipulate others through the use of jokes or any form of humor.
18. Fear: Warns audience that a disaster will follow if they don’t do something the ad proposes; this lessens the fear.
ü There is a headline for your editorial
ü The editorial is between 350-500 words
ü The editorial has a clear introduction that describes the situation briefly proposes a solution.
ü The body includes at least 3 paragraphs and each develops the idea further.
ü The order of examples is logical.
ü The editorial addresses a situation faced by the majority of the characters in the novel.
ü The editorial ends by suggesting a feasible solution
ü Argument is clear and concise.
ü The editorial doesn’t sound like a venting or long-winded speech. It has a clear purpose
ü Overall, the editorial avoids excessive emotions.